FRA Project – is a grant agreement between
the Forest Management Bureau (FMB) of the Department of Environment
and Natural Resources (DENR) and the Forestry Department of the
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO),
in support of the Forest Resources Assessment Programme of FAO.
FRA Programme – is the FAO program tasked
to lead the implementation of the Global Forest Resources Assessment,
and to support national forest assessments.
Global Forest Resources Assessment – a
global process led by FAO that collects, analyzes, manages and
makes available information about forest resources, their management
and uses for all countries. It is an FAO initiative which aims
to provide up-to-date information on the state of the world’s
forest resources on a continuing basis.
* Travels of FAO Mission to the Philippines in December 2001,
February 2002 and May 2002 when the possibility of implementing
the FRA project was discussed.
* Presently available information were obtained more than a decade
and covered only legally classified forestland.
* Current information requirements include forest and tree resources
on all types of land and the management and uses of such forest
* The need of an updated national forest assessment in the Philippines.
III .Comparison with Other National Forest
* FAO-FRA Program does not limit itself to the measurement of
trees and forest resources in legally classified forestlands,
but includes the measurement of such resources in alienable and
disposable (A&D) lands and private lands.
* FAO-FRA Program supports the development of analytical methods
for documenting the stock and flow of wood and non-wood forest
products and services, as well as human uses thereof.
IV. Letter of Agreement (LOA)
The activities of the FRA Project are implemented through Letter
of Agreement (LOA) established between FAO and FMB.
The LOA spells out, among others, the activities for which the
funds provided by FAO shall be used, general conditions of the
agreement, reporting system, terms of payments, and settlement
The First LOA entered into force in August 2002 and terminated
in March 2003. In this agreement, FAO made a financial contribution
to FMB in the amount of US$96,000.
1. Development Objective
To enhance the social, economic and environmental functions
of the forest and trees resources through their sustainable management
on the basis of better understanding of their qualitative and
2. Immediate Objectives
a) to develop and reinforce capacities of the national
forestry institutions in the Philippines to design, plan, implement
forest inventory projects and manage information;
b) to design and carry out a forest inventory project
that satisfies national needs in information and reliability and
set up a monitoring system for future surveys; and
c) to design and set up a forestry information system
to process field data and manage the generated information.
The expected outputs are the following:
- National capacities of the forestry institutions to plan
and implement forest inventory projects at the national level
reinforced and consolidated.
- National inventory of forests and trees outside forest resources
initiated and monitoring system of these resources set up and
materialized in the covered areas by the survey.
- National information system on forest and trees outside forests
and knowledge on the state and changes of resources for future
management and updating of baseline information developed. Website
with inventory finding and reports, training material and field
The FRA Project complements ongoing projects related to forest
policies in the country:
- Forestry Information System (FIS)
- Development of Criteria and Indicators (C&I) for Sustainable
Forest Management (SFM) in the Philippines
- Revision of the Master Plan for Forest Development (MPFD)
- Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM)
- Biodiversity Monitoring System
VIII. Project Approach
* adopts the systematic sampling design proposed by
the Forestry Department of FAO.
* a grid of tracts will be permanently established at each
15’ longitude and 15’ latitude.
* 395 tracts are initially identified to be established nationwide.
It is expected that all the sites will be visited in one year.
* a tract measures 1 km x 1 km and contains a cluster of
four sample plots; each sample plot measures 20 m x 250 m.
* data will be collected through field work at the sample
- provide expert assistance to all phases of the assessment
- host and support the electronic information system, including
websites within its Forestry Information System (FORIS)
- spearhead the implementation of the project
- overall coordinating role, including to design and plan the
- organize field teams using staff at DENR regional offices
- technical responsibility for biophysical measurements at
all sites and field interviews at sites outside protected areas
- evaluate the pilot assessment and initiate follow-on activities
- provide spatial information required for the design and implementation
of the assessment
- provide staff and training for locating and establishing field
plots using GPS and other measurement techniques
- also maintain data generated by the project
- lead the formulation of variables required to assess and
monitor forest biological diversity at the sample sites
- responsible for field interviews at sites falling in protected
DENR operating units (RFITs are created per DENR Special
Order No. 2002-679)
FRA Steering Committee (Created per DENR Special Order
- provide staff for locating and establishing field plots and
FRA National Coordinating Office (Created per FMB Special
Order No. 202-57)
- has the overall supervision of the project activities
- review the progress of project activities
- assess achievements against the planned results
- analyze work plans for next periods
- Recommend actions to take in case of identified constraints
- plan the project activities
- coordinate interventions of the involved national institutions
- train field crew leaders
- organize and supervise fieldwork and provide necessary logistics
support to the field teams
- assist in designing and developing the forest information system
- process the field data and report project findings