“Agriculture, forestry and fisheries contribute massively to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals… Forests and sustainable management of forests are core aspects of SDG15 and its targets. Forests are also explicitly addressed in the SDG6 target 6.6 on water and are crucial to achieving many of the other SDGs and associated targets. This includes poverty eradication (SDG1), food security and nutrition (SDG2), health (SDG3), gender equality (SDG5), sustainable energy (SDG7), sustainable economic growth (SDG8), infrastructure and innovation (SDG9), sustainable consumption and production (SDG12), climate change (SDG13), peaceful and inclusive societies, justice, accountable institutions (SDG16), and means of implementation (SDG17)” (FAO - COMMITTEE ON FORESTRY, 2016).
Forests presently cover nearly 4 billion hectares of the Earth’s land area. An estimated 1.6 billion people – 25 per cent of the global population – depend on forests for subsistence, livelihood, employment and income generation.
The launch of the UN Strategic Plan for Forests (UNSPF) comes at a time of unprecedented opportunity for strengthened action by all actors at all levels around the world, to safeguard the world’s forests and their multiple values, functions and benefits, now and in the future.
In particular, the Plan sets out a framework for action to safeguard the world’s most productive land-based ecosystems and tackle key threats and challenges. In this frame, the Plan features a set of six Global Forest Goals and associated targets:
Reverse the loss of forest cover worldwide through sustainable forest management, including protection, restoration, afforestation and reforestation, and increase efforts to prevent forest degradation and contribute to the global effort of addressing climate change.
|1.1||Forest area is increased by 3% worldwide.|
|1.2||The world’s forest carbon stocks are maintained or enhanced.|
|1.3||By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally.|
|1.4||The resilience and adaptive capacity of all types of forests to natural disasters and the impacts of climate change is significantly strengthened worldwide.|
Enhance forest-based economic, social and environmental benefits, including by improving the livelihoods of forest dependent people.
|2.1||Extreme poverty for all forest dependent people is eradicated.|
|2.2||Increase the access of small-scale forest enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets.|
|2.3||The contribution of forests and trees to food security is significantly increased.|
|2.4||The contribution of forest industry, other forest-based enterprises and forest ecosystem services to social, economic and environmental development, among others, is significantly increased.|
|2.5||The contribution of all types of forests to biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation and adaptation is enhanced, taking into account the mandates and ongoing work of relevant conventions and instruments.|
Increase significantly the area of protected forests worldwide and other areas of sustainably managed forests, as well as the proportion of forest products from sustainably managed forests.
|3.1||The area of forests worldwide designated as protected areas or conserved through other effective area-based conservation measures is significantly increased.|
|3.2||The area of forests under long-term forest management plans is significantly increased.|
|3.3||The proportion of forest products from sustainably managed forests is significantly increased.|
Mobilize significantly increased, new and additional financial resources from all sources for the implementation of sustainable forest management and strengthen scientific and technical cooperation and partnerships.
|4.1||Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation.|
|4.2||Forest-related financing from all sources at all levels, including public (national, bilateral, multilateral and triangular), private and philanthropic financing is significantly increased.|
|4.3||North-South, South-South, North-North and triangular cooperation and public-private partnerships on science, technology and innovation in the forest sector are significantly enhanced and increased.|
|4.4||The number of countries which have developed and implemented forest financing strategies and have access to financing from all sources is significantly increased.|
|4.5||The collection, availability and accessibility of forest-related information is improved through, for example, multi-disciplinary scientific assessments.|
Promote governance frameworks to implement sustainable forest management, including through the UN Forest Instrument, and enhance the contribution of forests to the 2030 Agenda.
|5.1||Number of countries which have integrated forests into their national sustainable development plans and/or poverty reduction strategies is significantly increased.|
|5.2||Forest law enforcement and governance are enhanced, including through significantly strengthening national and subnational forest authorities, and illegal logging and associated trade is significantly reduced worldwide.|
|5.3||National and subnational forest-related policies and programs are coherent, coordinated and complementary across ministries, departments and authorities, consistent with national laws, and engage relevant stakeholders, local communities and indigenous peoples, fully recognizing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.|
|5.4||Forest-related issues and the forest sector are fully integrated into decision-making processes of land use planning and development.|
Enhance cooperation, coordination, coherence and synergies on forest-related issues at all levels, including within the UN System and across Collaborative Partnership on Forests member organizations, as well as across sectors and relevant stakeholders.
|6.1||Forest-related programmes within the UN system are coherent and complementary and integrate the Global Forest Goals and targets where appropriate.|
|6.2||Forest-related programmes across Collaborative Partnership on Forests member organizations are coherent and complementary and together encompass the multiple contributions of forests and the forest sector to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.|
|6.3||Cross-sectoral coordination and cooperation to promote sustainable forest management and halt deforestation and forest degradation is significantly enhanced at all levels.|
|6.4||A greater common understanding of the concept of sustainable forest management is achieved and an associated set of indicators is identified.|
|6.5||The input and involvement of major groups and other relevant stakeholders in the implementation of the UN Strategic Plan for Forests and in the work of the Forum, including intersessional work, is strengthened.|